I am an Assistant Professor at Collegio Carlo Alberto. I am interested in the economics of migration, crime, and trade.

Curriculum Vitae


Immigrants, Legal Status, and Illegal Trade [REVISED November 2021]

Abstract: Nearly $2 trillion of illegally trafficked goods flow across international borders every year, generating violence and other social costs along the way. Some have controversially linked illegal trafficking to immigrants, especially immigrants without legal status. In this paper, I use novel data on nearly 10,000 confiscations of illegal drugs in Spain to study how immigrants and immigration policy affect the pattern and scale of illegal drug trafficking. To identify the causal effect of immigrants on trafficking, I construct an instrumental variable that interacts variation in total immigrant inflows into Spain across origin countries with the fraction of immigrants inflowing into each province. I find that immigrants increase both imports and exports of illegal drugs with their origin country, with irregular immigrants driving illegal drug imports. To better understand the role of legal status, I also exploit an extraordinary regularization of nearly half a million immigrants in 2005. Event study estimates suggest that granting immigrants legal status results in a decline in drug imports.

How Much Are Car Purchases Driven by Home Equity Withdrawal? Evidence from Household Surveys (with Daniel J. Vine and Karen M. Pence), 2019, Vol. 51, No. 5, Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking.

Is Underemployment Underestimated? Evidence from Panel Data (with Geng Li), May 2016, FEDS Notes.


Labor Market Hours Constraints and Home Production (with Geng Li)

The Effect of an Early-Childhood and Fertility Intervention on Firm and Farm Productivity (with Tania Barham, Randall Kuhn, and Patrick Turner)